A crown of thorns awaits the next telecom minister at Sanchar Bhawan as the new incumbent will have to address a host of tricky issues like industry infighting, tariffs and improving financial health of the Rs 2.3 lakh crore industries. Wi-Fi networks at panchayat level and roll out of 4G services are two other major challenges facing the new telecom minister of the new government of Prime Minister elect Narendra Modi. The industry infighting between two set of operators-GSM and CDMA, has again erupted on spectrum pricing issue for proposed CDMA auction.
Industry body Cellular Operators Association of India, which represents telecom majors like Airtel, Vodafone, Idea and others, recently wrote against demand of CDMA players (like Sistema Shyam which operates under MTS brand) on reducing base price of CDMA spectrum (800 Mhz band) recommended by telecom regulator TRAI. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India in February recommended a base price of Rs 2,685 crore per megahertz for CDMA airwaves which is 47 percent higher than the reserve price that was recommended for 900 MHz spectrum band and 80 percent higher than the reserve price recommended for 1,800MHz spectrum band. Industry body AUSPI, which represent players like Sistema Shyam, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices has said 800 MHz spectrum valuation cannot exceed 1800 Mhz valuation because of various reasons. It says maximum possible value of 800 MHz should be the market price of 1800 MHz band discovered in the recently held auction in February 2014.
“Consequently, the reserve price of 800 MHz should be 80 percent of the valuation of the 1800 MHz spectrum band,” AUSPI Secretary General Ashok Sud said. COAI has opposed the demands of AUSPI. Meanwhile, Internet Service Providers have expressed concern on a recent definition of their revenue on which the government should levy 8 percent annual fee. Industry players said say this will lead to increase of services rates by up to 30 percent. “If government includes deduction of bandwidth and lease line charges in pass through than Internet rates will rise only 8 percent. If not, then cascading effect will be to the tune of 25-30 percent,” Internet Service Providers Association of India Rajesh Chharia said. To help telecom sector raise funds, COAI has said that new government should implement the benefits of the infrastructure status already granted to telecom industry in parity with other infrastructure sectors.
“This could take the form of tax holidays, reduced interest on debt, sourcing of funds from special funding agencies, priority availability of grid power etc,” COAI Director General Rajan S Mathews said. Both AUSI and COAI have demanded rationalization of taxes which add up to 30 percent of total revenues earned by the sector. “Telecom sector is burdened with license fee of 8 percent, spectrum usage charges of 3 to 10 percent, service tax 12.36 percent in addition to other Corporate and municipal taxes,” Sud said.