The Pew Research Center said a majority of experts and others in the opt-in survey were generally optimistic about Internet freedom but that a significant number expressed concerns. “The experts in this survey noted a broad global trend toward regulation of the Internet by regimes that have faced protests and stepped up surveillance of Internet users,” Pew said in its report. “They pointed out that nations such as Egypt, Pakistan, and Turkey have blocked Internet access to control information flows when they perceived content as a threat to the current regime. China is known for its ‘Great Firewall,’ seen as Internet censorship by most outsiders, including those in this canvassing.”
Pew said 35 percent in the survey agreed with the statement that by 2025 “there be significant changes for the worse and hindrances to the ways in which people get and share content online.” The remaining 65 percent of those in the survey were optimistic that the Internet would avoid these issues, but some of these added comments suggesting they were not entirely confident.
The report is not based on a random poll, but instead an opt-in survey of people deemed experts or affiliated with certain organisations, taken between November 2013 and January 2014. “While the majority of the survey respondents remain optimistic about the Internet’s long-term future, they also have concerns about the turf wars emerging as these technologies mature,” said Janna Anderson of Elon University and a co-author of the report. “Many experts worry that, if ignored, these problems could change the fundamental nature of this crucial information system.”
Those surveyed were affiliated with a variety of Internet-related organisations such Yahoo, Intel, IBM, the Oxford Internet Institute, and universities including Princeton, Yale, Brown, Georgetown, Carnegie-Mellon and others. Some chose to remain anonymous while others offered comments on the record. Among the issues driving changes in the Internet, the respondents said, were Edward Snowden’s revelations about National Security Agency (NSA) surveillance, and widespread data breaches like the one affecting millions of customers of retailer Target.
“The pressures to balkanise the global Internet will continue and create new uncertainties. Governments will become more skilled at blocking access to unwelcome sites,” said Paul Saffo, managing director at Discern Analytics and consulting associate professor at Stanford University.