Dorothy Hodgkin, who was a Nobel laureate British chemist, has been honored on her 104th anniversary with a Google doodle dedicated to her. She won the Nobel prize in Chemistry for her discovery of the molecular structure of Vitamin B12, and was the third woman to win the prestigious prize. She was awarded the Nobel prize in 1964.
The doodle for the day is dedicated to her discovery in chemistry and is based on the structure of penicillin molecule, which was also discovered by Hodgkin. She had worked on the technique of X-ray crystallography to determine the three-dimensional structures of biomolecules. Also Read - Happy Father's Day 2021: Google Doodle wishes dads with cute pop-up greeting card
Hodgkin was born as Dorothy Mary Crowfoot in Cairo, Egypt on May 12, 1910, and was passionate about chemistry since a very young age. She studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford and pursued a PhD at the University of Cambridge. It was during her PhD that she discovered the potential of X-ray crystallography to determine the structure of proteins. She took eight years to complete her work on Vitamin B12. Also Read - UEFA Euro 2020: Colourful Google Doodle kicks off European Football Championship
In 1937, Dorothy married Thomas Lionel Hodgkin, and changed her name to Dorothy Hodgkin. She was a member of the Communist party and was banned from entering the United States but was later allowed to enter the country. Also Read - Google celebrates Hollywood actor, singer and dancer Shirley Temple with animated Doodle
She died in 1994 at the age of 84.