Today marks the 105th anniversary of the first-ever expedition to the South Pole, which was undertaken by Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen on December 14, 1911. Google is commemorating the day by dedicating a doodle on its homepage. On that day, Amundsen with four other explorers managed to conquer the southern-most tip of planet Earth. The animated Google doodle depicts the crew at the finish line enjoying their moment of glory, while the fiery Antarctic winds whip their tents. Also Read - Google Play Store announces blanket ban on Sugar Daddy apps over sexual content
Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was born on July 16, 1872 in a family of Norwegian shipowners. As Google puts it, Amundsen was known as “the last of the Vikings,” and besides being an adventurer, he had a penchant for organization and planning. He is also recognized as the first person to have reached both the poles of Earth, and also traversed the Northwest Passage in the Arctic. Also Read - Google, Facebook make vaccination mandatory for employees returning to office
Amundsen initially had set off with his crew to conquer the Arctic and reach the North Pole. But when rival American explorers Frederick Cook and Robert E. Peary claimed victory over the North Pole in 1909, Amundsen changed his plans and turned his focus to the South Pole. He would however keep the change of plans a secret, and only reveal his true objective to the crew when his ship (Fram) was leaving the last port of call at Madeira. Also Read - Fake Battlegrounds Mobile India (BGMI) Lite APK links going viral on the internet: How to spot them
Amundsen led a group of 19 explorers and nearly 100 Greenland sled dogs. After months of preparations, Amundsen and his crew set off on their final trek to the South Pole in December 1911, and managed to win the race to the ‘the bottom of the world’. They arrived at their destination five weeks ahead of a group of British explorers led by Robert Falcon Scott.
Amundsen wrote relived his expedition through his book — The South Pole: An Account of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition in the ‘Fram’. The Norwegian explorer is believed to have disappeared with a crew of five during a rescue mission in the Arctic in June 1928. Amundsen and his crew were on a mission to rescue members of Nobile’s crew, whose new airship Italia had crashed while returning from the North Pole.