Google today marks what would have been the 156th birthday of the man known to lead the first traverse of Greenland. Born in Oslo on October 10, 1861, Google has dedicated a special doodle on its homepage marking the same. Also Read - Google's offline dinosaur game in new Olympics avatar: Here's how to can playAlso Read - Best camera phones under Rs 35000 to buy in July 2021: Pixel 4a, Mi 11X, and more
Today s doodle is a GIF that shows Fridtjof Nansen skiing through what probably looks like the North Pole, something that he has been famously known for. Nansen won Nobel prizes and acclaim after he created a record by reaching the northern latitude of 86 14 during his North Pole expedition between 1893 96. At a very young age, owing to the love he had for outdoor sports, he won the national cross-country skiing championship twelve times. At the age of eighteen, he broke the world record for skating a mile.
In 1882, when he was just 21, Nansen went on an expedition leading a troop of six people along with him to Greenland. Apart from the adventure, Nansen was also recognized for his work in helping millions of refugees return home post World War I. In fact, in 1922, Nansen was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in helping those without a voice and searching for a home . He also served as the League s first High Commissioner for Refugees from 1920-1930.
In 1921, the League of Nations instituted its High Commission and Fridtjof Nansen was asked to head it. That is when he created the “Nansen Passports”, documents of identification which were eventually recognized by more than 50 governments. The Nansen Passport was a document that allowed refugees to travel to countries. The passport was initially created for refugees from Russia. However, later, it was extended to cover other groups. ALSO READ: Facebook introduces Google Doodle-like News Feed messages
Fridtjof Nansen died on May 13, 1930. In 1954, UNHCR established the Nansen Refugee Award in his honor which was given to a person or group of people for their outstanding service in helping refugees.