Google has announced a new rendering engine for its Chrome web browsers and Chrome OS called Blink. Blink is based on a forked version of WebKit, but architecturally and code base wise it is much simpler. Originally, Google went with WebKit for Chrome, but as the Chromium project as grown there have been complications as it is wildly different from other WebKit based browsers owing to its multi-process architecture. Now that Google has the market share, it can stand on its own with Blink, at least that’s what it hopes to achieve. Also Read - Google's offline dinosaur game in new Olympics avatar: Here's how to can play
WebKit was originally born out of KHTML in 2001, when Apple was developing the Safari browser for OS X. It was also one of the few technologies that the company open-sourced. WebKit soon became the basis for most mobile web browsers, and a number of desktop web browsers like Opera. Also Read - Timex Helix Smart 2.0 with temperature sensor, heart rate sensor launched: Details here
Google believes that the launch of Blink will be better for the development of the web, as now there will be multiple rendering engines that will spur innovation.
Additionally, Google is initially focussing on the simplification of the code-base and architectural improvements. According to a post on the Chromium Blog, it anticipates that it will be able to remove 7 build systems and delete more than 7,000 files comprising of more than 4.5 million lines.
Another area where Chrome will benefit with Blink is with the handling of processes. For instance, when one embeds a video using an iFrame, it normally is part of a singular process. With Blink Google could devote a separate process to the iFrame, which would make the browser more secure and stable.
Blink is off to a decent start as it even has managed to get Opera’s backing. Opera only recently switched to WebKit, but now it says that it will be contributing to Blink.
As for Apple, the creators of WebKit, this means very little. WebKit will remain the dominant rendering engine in the foreseeable future, but with the popularity of Chrome, Google could eventually have a tough rival for WebKit. It is unclear at the moment how Blink would affect web developers and users in the short term, though considering it has been forked from WebKit, they theoretically shouldn’t have to make a lot of changes.