Google is celebrating the 96th birth anniversary of Indian-American biochemist Har Gobind Khorana. Known for his outstanding work in the field of genetics, Khorana was born on this day in 1922.
Youngest of five children, Khorana’s humble journey started from a small village of Raipur where his father taught him the importance of learning, something which was uncommon for villagers at that time. He eventually
got scholarships which helped him obtain his doctorate in organic chemistry in 1948 from the University of Liverpool in the UK.
Khorana conducted research at universities in England, Switzerland, and Canada. In 1968, at the University of Wisconsin Khorana, along with Robert W Holley and Marshall W Nirenberg, was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”.
The trio discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell functions.
After less than five years, Khorana again made a scientific breakthrough by constructing the first synthetic gene. Four years after the synthetic gene constructed, Khorana announced that he had gotten an artificial gene to function within a bacterial cell, Al Jazeera reports.
Today’s doodle honors the award-winning biochemist and has been created by Bangalore-based illustrator Rohan Dahotre. The doodle is visible on homepages of countries including India, the US, Canada, Iceland, and New Zealand.