Artificial Intelligence and automation powered by technologies such as machine learning are leading to change in the nature of jobs. The adoption of these technologies have already led to job cuts in major industries and even need for reskilling existing employees.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has urged the salaried class to reflect on the change in nature of jobs and also emphasized the need for reskilling existing workforce on emerging technologies. The PM addressed the change in nature of work while inaugurating the twin conferences of World Congress on Information Technology (WCIT) being held at Hyderabad through video conferencing. He also launched Nasscom’s reskilling initiative FutureSkills. “We need to ensure that our existing workforce is able to reskill, as new technologies emerge,” the PM said.
PM Modi said that FutureSkills should “help India maintain its competitive edge”. He also highlighted that over one lakh villages have been linked with optical fibre, 121 crore Indians now have access to mobile phones while 120 crore people have enrolled for Aadhaar. Modi also noted that there are 50 crore internet users and India is best positioned to leverage the power of technology to take a giant leap into the future.
Economic Times reports that Nasscom, the apex body of India’s software industry has identified eight key technologies to help reskill the existing workforce in India. These key technologies include robotic process automation, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, Internet of Things, social and mobile, big data analytics, cloud computing and 3D printing. The Prime Minister also added that disruptive technologies such as blockchain and the Internet of Things will have an impact on the way we live and work.
PM Modi also noted the importance of startup ecosystem and said that they are key to finding viable and economical solutions across sectors and verticals. The government is also building Tinkering Labs in schools under Atal Innovation Mission in order foster creativity among school children in their very early age.
The government has also tried to bring a lot of manufacturing jobs as part of Make In India initiative and digital literacy among people with its Digital India initiative. However, PM emphasized it is also up to employees and employers to see the change and adapt themselves accordingly as automation and AI are set to replace a lot of mid-level jobs.