Today’s Google doodle is dedicated to legendary scientist Jagdish Chandra Bose, celebrating what would be his 158th birth anniversary. Bose was a multi-talented scientist in the literal sense, and apart from biophysics, he was also famous for his innovations in the world of radio and microwave sciences. He is also credited with having invented one of the earliest versions of wireless telecommunication. Also Read - Free COVID-19 vaccine: Today’s Google Doodle urges all to get vaccinated, wear mask
Bose was born on November 30, 1858 in Mymensingh, now in Bangladesh. His father was Bhagawan Chandra Bose, a leader of the Brahmo Samaj, and an assistant commissioner in Faridpur. After studying Physics at the Calcutta University, he went on to attend the Cambridge University to complete his B.Sc. degree. Also Read - HP Chromebook 11a review: Great for students, not so for professionals
As a scientist, Bose made several contributions in the fields of physics, biology and archaeology. He was also a writer in the science fiction genre, with stories like Niruddesher Kahini (The Story of the Missing One), and he is also considered as the ‘father of Bengali science fiction’. But he is perhaps best known for his work in the field of biophysics, and his invention of a scientific instrument called crescograph. Seen alongside Bose in the doodle, this instrument is used to measure plant responses to various stimuli by magnifying it 10,000 times. This instrument helped him prove parallels between animal and plant tissues. Also Read - Happy Father's Day 2021: Google Doodle wishes dads with cute pop-up greeting card
Bose also made significant contributions to the world of radio and microwave sciences. He was among the first to use semiconductor junctions to detect radio signals and discovering millimeter length electromagnetic waves. He is also credited with having invented one of the first versions of wireless telecommunication.
For his work, he was named as one of the fathers of radio science by the IEEE. In 1920, he was also elected the Fellow of the Royal Society, and in 1937, he setup the Bose Institute at Calcutta. To commemorate his birth centenary in 1958, the JBNSTS scholarship program was started in West Bengal, and the government also issued a postage stamp bearing his portrait.
But the greatest honor bestowed upon him was the naming of a crater on the far side of the Moon after him. This impact crater is said to be 91 kilometers in diameter, and is located close to Crater Bhabha and Crater Adler.