Eight telecom operators have deposited earnest money of about Rs 20,435 crore for spectrum auction starting March 4, with Reliance Jio Infocom submitting the highest guarantee. “The cumulative EMD (earnest money deposit) submitted by eight telecom operators is about Rs 20,435 crore,” an official source told PTI.
Spectrum, or radiowaves, is key part of telecom networks used by companies to provide mobile or wireless services. The earnest deposit money translate into points that determine the quantum of spectrum blocks a company can bid in the auction process.
RJio has submitted the highest EMD of about Rs 4,500 crore, followed by Bharti Airtel Rs 4,336 crore, Idea Cellular Rs 4,000 crore, Vodafone Rs 3,700 crore, Tata Teleservices Rs 1,500 crore, Reliance Communications Rs 1,175 crore, Telewings (Uninor) Rs 724.95 crore and Aircel Rs 500 crore indicating aggressive bidding in auction rounds, sources said.
These companies, barring Uninor, did not respond to queries sent to them to confirm the amounts. Uninor in a statement said, “Uninor has filed application expressing its intent to participate in the upcoming spectrum auctions.”
The government expects to garner over Rs 80,000 crore from the sale of radiowaves for providing 2G as well as 3G services, going by the reserve price. Proceeds from this year’s auction are expected to help the government meet its fiscal deficit target of 4.1 percent of the GDP.
It has approved the minimum or auction start price for the 2,100 Mega-Hertz band or 3G spectrum, which will garner at least Rs 17,555 crore. The reserve price for auction of 2G spectrum in 800 MHz, 900 Mhz and 1800 MHz bands will fetch the government at least Rs 64,840 crore.
Most of the spectrum being put up for the auction is at present held by Airtel, Vodafone, Idea Cellular and Reliance Telecom. Their licenses are expiring in 2015-16. Idea Cellular’s nine circles, six circles of Airtel and seven circles each of Vodafone and Reliance Telecom are coming up for renewal.
These companies have to compulsorily bid for spectrum to continue offering mobile and other telecom services as their permits are expiring. Entry of RJio, Tata Teleservices, Uninor and Aircel shows that these companies are in the fray for additional spectrum.
The spectrum in 900 Mhz band frequencies is seen as good for providing telecom services as it gives double the coverage than mobile signal transmitted in 1,800 Mhz band and therefore fewer number of mobile towers. Most of the licenses coming up for renewal hold 900 Mhz band spectrum which is also scarce in quantity.
The 3G spectrum is the other frequency for which telecom operators are expected to bid aggressively. The government is auctioning only 5 Mhz of 3G spectrum against industry demand of 20 Mhz.