British biophysicist and X-Ray crystallographer Rosalind Franklin, famous for having discovered the structure of DNA has been dedicated a Google doodle on her 93rd birthday. The second ‘O’ in today’s doodle contains Franklin’s photo and the ‘L’ has been replaced with the DNA double helix. Also Read - UEFA Euro 2020: Colourful Google Doodle kicks off European Football Championship
Franklin was born on July 25, 1920 in London into an influential British Jewish family. Franklin showed exceptional academic abilities from early childhood. She later studied chemistry in Cambridge and worked as a research associate at King’s College London in the Medical Research Council’s (MRC) Biophysics Unit under Maurice Wilkins. Also Read - Google celebrates Hollywood actor, singer and dancer Shirley Temple with animated Doodle
Her work in X-ray diffraction images of DNA resulted in the discovery of the DNA double helix. This discovery helped scientists understand how genetic information is passed from parents to children. Though her discovery was ground-breaking, Franklin missed out on a Nobel prize, which went to Francis Crick, James Watson and Wilkins. They would later reveal that they used Franklin’s experimental data to build their structure of DNA in 1953.
Rosalind Franklin died in April 1958 aged 37 of ovarian cancer.