Keeping with its tradition of celebrating iconic personalities from the past and present, Google is today commemorating the 190th birth anniversary of Sandford Fleming. The Canadian engineer is known as the inventor of worldwide standard time. Also Read - UEFA Euro 2020: Colourful Google Doodle kicks off European Football ChampionshipAlso Read - Android 12 beta 2 rolling out: New privacy features, tweaked design and more
Born in 1827, Fleming was inspired to invent the worldwide standard time when he happened to miss his train due to a mistake printed in a timetable. Historically, regions used solar time to set their own clocks, however, with the coming of trains, the need for standardized time arose. Also Read - Sundar Pichai: 5 interesting facts about Google CEO you never heard before
A standard time is the synchronization of clocks within a geographical area or region to a single time standard instead of using solar time or a locally chosen meridian (longitude) to establish a local mean time standard.
It was in 1879 when Fleming presented the idea of a standardized time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
Fleming advocated for dividing the world into 24 time zones beginning at the Greenwich Meridian and spaced at 15 degree intervals. It followed the introduction of Greenwich Mean Time across Great Britain in 1847. ALSO READ: Savitribai Phule s 186th birth anniversary remembered with a Google doodle
It was at the International Prime Meridian Conference in 1884 that Fleming s system of international standard time was adopted.
He died aged 88 at the home of his daughter in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on July 22, 1915.
Doodler Sophie Diao has designed today s doodle dedicated to Fleming. It features a steam engine with Google written on it alongside different world clocks showing varying time zones. It also includes a postage stamp featuring Fleming who had also designed Canada s first postage stamp and helped build the InterContinental Railway.